After 46 Years, Treasurer Bill Lockyer To Retire From Public Service in 2015

With his announcement June 3 that he is leaving public office in January 2015, State Treasurer Bill Lockyer ends 40 years as a lawmaker and statewide office holder. 

“I need to do something different that’s challenging and interesting,” Lockyer said in announcing he won’t seek the job of controller in 2014 for which he’s raised $2.2 million as of January, state campaign reports show.

His departure boosts the chances of State Board of Equalization Member Betty Yee, the other declared Democrat in the controller’s race. It does the same for a higher profile Democrat who might choose to run with Lockyer out. 

During the last several years, Lockyer’s personal life has received more focus than his work as treasurer. 

The addictions of his wife Nadia, a former Alameda County supervisor, led her to resign from the seat her husband worked tirelessly to elect her to. The two are attempting to reconcile. 

If there’s one thing that should be said of Lockyer’s remarkable political career, which began in 1968 on the San Leandro Unified School District board, it’s this: 

Thanks for everything, Adele. The State of California is in your debt.  

Legislative Leaders Announcing 1995 Budget Deal

Legislative Leaders Announcing 1995 Budget Deal

As an East Bay Assemblyman for 10 years, a senator for 15 years  — the Senate’s leader for four of them — attorney general for eight years and treasurer for seven years, the restless and obsessively inquisitive Lockyer has been a thoughtful policy maker, zealous protector of First Amendment rights and an artful negotiator with a gift for finding common ground. 

Both former Senate GOP Leader Jim Brulte, now head of the state Republican Party, and Republican Gov. Pete Wilson praise Lockyer’s skill at consensus building. 

 Lockyer “stands out in the crowd of state legislators for his work ethic, his intellect and his problem-solving skills,” the San Francisco Chronicle succinctly said in its 1998 endorsement of him for attorney general.

“Mercurial and often brilliant,” said a 1998 San Francisco Chronicle profile of the then departing leader of the Senate.  

Several laws written by the 72-year-old Oakland native wrote directly affect every adult Californian. 

“If you’ve accessed the state’s Megan’s Law website to gain information about registered sex offenders living near your kids’ school and in your neighborhood, you can thank Bill Lockyer,“ said Senate President Pro Tempore Darrell Steinberg, a Sacramento Democrat, in a statement about Lockyer’s decision to leave public office. 

“If you’ve saved valuable time because contractors or utility repair workers promise to arrive within a four-hour window or you finish your jury duty obligation quickly because you’re not selected to a jury panel in the first day, you can thank Bill Lockyer. 

“If a person who assaulted someone in your family was caught through the state’s DNA database, you can thank Bill Lockyer.” 

The four-hour delivery window created by Lockyer’s 1989 legislation has been a marketplace fixture for long enough that now companies compete by offering two-hour windows. 

One of the best consumer legislators in the country was Ralph Nader’s description of Lockyer. 

With 1986 legislation, Lockyer created the San Francisco Bay Trail, which he considers his greatest environmental legacy. The pedestrian and bicycle trail will eventually be 500 miles long and ring the bay. More than 330 miles of trail have been completed. 

A long-time non-eater of vegetables, Lockyer was acting governor several times when he was leader of the Senate and both Wilson and the lieutenant governor were out-of-state. On one such occasion, he issued an

With Schwarzenegger Who Lockyer Declined to Challenge in 2006

With Schwarzenegger Who Lockyer Declined to Challenge in 2006

executive order declaring cheese pizza to be the official State Vegetable. 

Lockyer is one of the architects of the so-called ‘ Napkin Deal,” a 1987 tort liability compromise between some of the Capitol’s most powerful interests: doctors, trial lawyers, insures, manufacturers and the tobacco industry.

The parties had reached a conceptual agreement with Assembly Speaker Willie Brown and Lockyer, then chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee. They celebrated at the famed Capitol eatery, Frank Fat’s.  It was Lockyer who memorialized the deal’s key points on a cloth napkin.   

While a state lawmaker, Lockyer earned a law degree at night at Sacramento’s University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law. Only lawyers can serve as state attorney general.

He passed the bar exam on his first try in 1989. “Can you imagine what the headlines would have been if I had failed?” he said at the time, a March 2001 California Lawyer profile recounts. ” ‘Chairman of Senate Judiciary Committee Flunks Bar!’ “ 

He spoke of his background and legal training to students at the University of Southern California’s Gould School of Law in 2011.

Lockyer modernized crime fighting technology at the Attorney General’s office, particularly DNA matches; authored the nation’s first hate crime law and, as treasurer, touts preventing the loss of any public dollars during the Great Recession and saving nearly $2 billion by taking advantage of rock-bottom interest rates to refinance California’s existing debt. 

‘Surrogate Mom’ 

But if not for Adele Levine none of any of that might have happened.          

Lockyer calls her “his surrogate mom.”   

Adele Levine from the San Leandro High, Class of 1958, Yearbook

Adele Levine from the San Leandro High, Class of 1958, Yearbook

As a Ninth Grader at San Leandro High, Lockyer was intrigued with politics and public policy. He decided to enroll in Levine’s world affairs class. Levine says he took her course eight times; Lockyer says six. 

Levine’s textbook: That week’s issue of Time. Each student had a subscription. Each student got an extra “A” for every letter-to-the-editor of their the magazine published. 

“The class is the most refreshing thing that has happened to the high school curriculum in years,” writes Time’s San Francisco Bureau Chief Richard Pollard in the magazine’s  June 2, 1958 edition.

“The kids are obviously enchanted with their teacher and absorbed in their subject. And despite the fact that the class is almost evenly divided between Republicans and Democrats — Adele Levine is a resolute Democrat — there is a remarkably high level of tolerance for the other’s views. “ 

Levine quickly sold Lockyer on politics. Another of his interests was astronomy. It became a distant second. 

One of Levine’s class assignments was to pick a candidate for president – party affiliation didn’t matter – and “do something to help them,” Lockyer recalls. He walked precincts for Adlai Stevenson. 

“She was one of those teachers who not only was inspiring and helped generate a lifelong interest in learning but she stayed in touch afterwards,” Lockyer says. 

At the University of California at Berkeley, Lockyer created the school’s chapter of Young Democrats. “I’m a good organizer.” One of his roommates was Bill Cavala, the late Democratic political operative. 

Levine helped Lockyer land his first full-time job in the public sector. 

Then Assemblyman Bob Crown, a Hayward Democrat, was looking for an administrative assistant and asked Levine if she had any recommendations. 

“Three,” she said. “Bill Lockyer. Bill Lockyer. Bill Lockyer.” 

Crown was Lockyer’s political mentor. After Crown was killed while jogging, Lockyer ran and won his seat in a 1973 special election. 

Levine and Lockyer remained close until her death in 2008.

Although terminally ill, she attended Lockyer’s retirement lunch as attorney general in early 2007, smiling proudly as career prosecutors, law enforcement personnel, environmental lawyers and civil rights litigators praised her most famous former pupil. 

“I think about her regularly,” Lockyer says. 

A Favorite Job 

Lockyer refuses to publicly pick a favorite job.  

“It’s like asking ‘who’s your favorite child?’ ” he says. 

But it’s clear Lockyer would have been more than content to stay attorney general for as long as California voters allowed him. 

Five thousand employees, thousands of active cases every day on everything from the death penalty to the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta brought Lockyer the daily smorgasbord of challenges he craves as well as tests of his mediation and managerial skills. 


A “Truth-Teller,” U.S. Sen. Dianne Feinstein Says of Lockyer

“(Former Assembly Speaker) Willie (Brown) used to say one of the good things about practicing law is the facts matter,” Lockyer told California’s Capitol. 

‘”He was contrasting it with legislative work where policy, philosophy, special interests and other considerations are also in play.  In the Attorney General’s Office, it’s in between the two.” 

For example, without increasing the Department of Justice’s budget, Lockyer created a team of lawyers focusing on civil rights issues like housing and employment.  He doubled the size of the unit combating elder abuse. 

On his first day on the job, Lockyer asked to join a lawsuit banning jet skis on Lake Tahoe. Although largely symbolic, the move signaled a clear departure from his GOP predecessor. 

He told his staff he wanted to be “the best attorney general in modern history” but allowed that a for a thought like that he “probably should check in at the ‘hubris counter,’ “he emailed his staff after taking office. 

A computer and technology aficionado, Lockyer also found plenty of opportunities to explore that interest at the Department of Justice’s Division of law Enforcement, which offers various support tools for local district attorneys and police and sheriff departments. 

Automated fingerprinting systems and DNA matching capability existed when Lockyer took office but were antiquated. 

“The California DNA databank is one of my top priorities,” Lockyer said in advocating for voter approval of Proposition 69, a 2004 ballot measure to increase long-term funding for the program. 

“I have secured ongoing funding and grants to rid the system of an inherited, 200,000-case backlog. Purchasing state-of-the-art equipment along with employing advanced techniques means quicker processing of samples. We now upload into the databank 10,000 samples a month, compared with 2,000 a month just last year. Ongoing automation projects will enable us to accommodate future increases in individual and crime-scene samples.” 

The system has grown to 2.1 million samples and aide din more than 27,000 investigations. 

Lockyer personally argued a case involving California’s three strikes law before the United States Supreme Court in December 2005. The court ruled Lockyer’s way. Unanimously. 

“If you’re a lawyer there’s nothing like arguing a case before the United States Supreme Court. It’s hard to not think of that being in some special category. I can’t tell you how hard I worked every weekend and weeknight to master it.” 

Politics, People and Public Policy 

Lockyer is a gifted politician. That’s implicit in a 46-year career in public office. 

He encourages candidates to first spend the money to conduct operation research – on themselves. Gauging the low-profile the race had in the minds of voters – and who was most likely to vote – Lockyer spent most of his money in his re-election campaign for treasurer in 2010 buying space on GOP slate mailers. 

Unknown-2He also understands the value of a personal touch. A phone conversation often begins with him asking what the person is reading. Rather than solicit memos, Lockyer is more likely to ask for information directly. 

Both as attorney general and treasurer, Lockyer is a regular visitor to the floor of the Legislature, meeting and greeting lawmakers. No other constitutional officers make a point of doing so. 

As he privately put it, he didn’t “feel like spending $10 million and losing to (then Gov. Arnold) Schwarzenegger,” bowing out of the gubernatorial race in 2005 and running instead for treasurer.

“I want to make a contribution to California without all the partisan bickering the governor faces,” Lockyer said. “I want to build roads, build schools, build homes and address the growing economic disparity between the rich and the poor in the state.” 

Dropping out of the governor’s race “is the right decision for me, for my family, for the public and for my party.” 

Lockyer helped launch the political careers of several Bay Area local and state politicians.

He hired Johan Klehs as a volunteer in Crown’s office then helped  him win election to the San Leandro City Counil and Lockyer’s old Assembly seat when Lockyer moved to the Senate.

Longtime Alameda County supervisors Don Perata was a member of Lockyer’s staff from 1994 until winning an Assembly seat in 1996. 

One of the best yardsticks to measure the caliber of a public official is who works for them. And how long they have worked for them. 

Some of the brightest minds in the Capitol began with Lockyer. Many have stayed with him for 20 years or more. 

“You generate loyalty by giving it,” Lockyer says.

Several on the list of current and former Lockyer employees say they would never consider working for any other politician. 

Part of it is Lockyer’s egalitarian management style. His predecessor as Senate President Pro Tempore, David Roberti, maintained a warren of Capitol offices, requiring visitors to pass through several doors – and several staffers — before reaching him. 

Lockyer removed most of the doors.  “Smote the door” was how Greg Schmidt put it on a hand-printed commemorative sign he hung next to the frame of one of the doors vetoed by Lockyer. images-3

Schmidt, who is retiring at the end of this year as Secretary of the Senate, was Lockyer’s first hire when he was a freshman Assemblyman 40 years ago. Schmidt and Lockyer met on the McGovern presidential campaign. Schmidt was a field organizer. The only job Lockyer could offer Schmidt was receptionist. 

One of the break-down-barriers acts Lockyer took as attorney general was converting the special parking slot used by his predecessor into the employee-of-the-month’s spot, the San Francisco Chronicle reported in 1999.  He eschewed private elevators and had a penchant for wandering into the offices of lawyers “to say hi.” 

His long-time chief-of-staff Steve Coony – “the best manager in state government,” Lockyer says – has been the co-captain of Team Lockyer since Lockyer’s Senate colleagues elected him president pro tempore in 1994. 

Tricia Wynne, a deputy state treasurer, was recently named by Secretary of State Debra Bowen to the Fair Political Practices Commission. She had also been with Lockyer since the Senate. 

Nathan Barankin, Attorney General Kamala Harris’ chief of staff, began his career as a Lockyer intern in the Senate.  

With Wife Nadia

With Wife Nadia

Brian Kelly, Gov. Jerry Brown’s cabinet secretary for transportation, was on Lockyer’s Senate staff.  

Collin Wong-Martinusen was another Senate intern with Lockyer. He was locked in a conference room with the long-feuding optometrists and ophthalmologists and told to resolve their decades-long quarrels over scope of practice. 

Wong-Martinusen also headed the Department of Justice’s Medi-Cal Fraud unit when Lockyer was attorney general, turning it into a national model and winning an award from the Bush administration. When Lockyer was elected treasurer, Wong-Martinusen became Controller John Chiang’s chief of staff.

A voracious reader, Lockyer is as likely to be poring over sci-fi as string theory, gene mapping as Grail quests. 

When Myst was the latest in computer games he mastered it. After building coalitions in the Capitol, he’d build empires “to stand the test of time” on his computer with Civilization. 

And while he may seem professorial at times, he’s anything but button-down. 

Several people called for his ouster when, as attorney general, he said in 2001 he’d like to escort Enron CEO Ken Lay, who at the time was not charged with a crime, “to an 8-by-10 cell that he could share with a tattooed dude who says ‘Hi, my name is Spike, honey.’ “ 

 Lockyer apologized for perhaps being a bit intemperate but didn’t appear chastened.

In October 2009, Lockyer appeared before the Senate and Assembly select committees on Improving State Government and told its members two-thirds of the bills passed by the Assembly were “junk.”

Here’s an edited version of Lockyer’s remarks from YouTube that makes him seem slightly more strident than he actually was:

He told lawmakers “Nancy Reagan’s right: Just say “no.’ “ 

For Lockyer, public service is it’s own reward: 

“This is the first time in human history where a major place — a country like the United States, a state like California — has as a fundamental principle that everybody counts. Every voice should be heard. That really is an incredible idea. It’s so radical it makes me emotional to think about it. 

“When you’re in the public sector, there’s clear opportunities to advance that vision and make it more real. The biggest challenge now is income inequality and we’re working through gender and race and sexual orientation and different dimensions of that. 

 “You make a difference and you can feel yourself making that difference every day. It’s good going to work knowing that.




Filed under: California History, News


  1. This was a wonderful public policy career. He confronted his own and cajoled the rest. We need so many more like him. Go well in to that good night

    Comment by john mockler — 6.03.2013 @ 7:31 pm

  2. What a loss!

    Comment by Pat Henning Sr — 6.03.2013 @ 7:41 pm

  3. Thank you for including this comprehensive look back at service so well given.

    Comment by JoAnn Anglin — 6.03.2013 @ 10:47 pm

  4. A wonderful tribute to a great man and even greater friend.

    Comment by Bruce Young — 6.04.2013 @ 7:53 am

  5. Nice piece for a Sacramento legend. While I’m sure we will continue to hear much wisdom and wit from Bill Lockyer, his political presence and acumen will be missed in this town.

    Comment by dcurtin — 6.04.2013 @ 10:00 am

  6. Truly one of a kind – he will be missed!

    Comment by Aleta Carpenter — 6.04.2013 @ 4:34 pm

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